Tag Archives: Redemptive History

Did Moses Know the Passover was Prophetic?

The Passover and subsequent exodus was the most significant redemptive event in the history of Israel. It’s primary symbol was the lamb that was sacrificed to prevent the same destruction that hit the houses of Egypt from striking the houses of Israel. It’s no wonder that the New Testament writers made reference to the Passover lamb when writing about Christ and the greater redemption he accomplished for us:

Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed.
1 Cor 5:7

It’s great to draw analogies between OT redemptive acts of God and NT redemptive acts of God. But is it legitimate to say that the OT redemptive act was prophetic (i.e. predicted) the greater NT action? Take for instance:

So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first, and of the other who had been crucified with him. But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. But one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and at once there came out blood and water. He who saw it has borne witness—his testimony is true, and he knows that he is telling the truth—that you also may believe. For these things took place that the Scripture might be fulfilled: “Not one of his bones will be broken.”
John 19:32–36.

John is referring to this description of the Passover lamb:

It shall be eaten in one house; you shall not take any of the flesh outside the house, and you shall not break any of its bones.
Ex 12:46

But the original context of Exodus 12 has no reference to a future event. It’s all about Israel’s situation in Egypt. So did John just pretend that it was a prophecy? Did he invent a new meaning for this text?

Why This Matters

This is a big deal because it could mean that John wasn’t being faithful to Scripture as he was writing Scripture. That would make us doubt at least John’s writings and then cast suspicion on the rest of the Bible as well.

It would also raise questions like: Continue reading

Maybe Leviticus SHOULD Bore You

This is an exploration of what a Christo-yearning hermeneutic might look like.

Was your New Year’s resolution to read the Bible in a year? Genesis was interesting. Exodus is pretty riveting. But Leviticus? Not so much. This is going to sound somewhat blasphemous but…

Maybe Leviticus is supposed to be boring.

Why might that be? Vern Poythress explains:

Are you bored by the repetitious descriptions in Leviticus 1-9 of how each animal is sacrificed or the descriptions in Numbers 7 of the offerings of the tribes? There is more food for thought in these passages than we suspect, but in a sense we are meant to be bored.

Wait… we’re supposed to be bored? This is God’s word we’re talking about. Shouldn’t it be exciting and invigorating? Poythress continues: Continue reading

Doctrine Is Not Enough

When we discuss theology, the study of the things of God, is it enough to know true things about God,  true things about humanity, true things about the Temple and true things about other Bible doctrines? Augustus Strong answers:

Science is not only the observing, recording, verifying, and formulating of objective facts; it is also the recognition and explication of the relations between these facts, and the synthesis of both the facts and the rational principles which unite them in a comprehensive, rightly proportioned, and organic system.
- Augustus Strong, Systematic Theology

What does that mean?

Theology isn’t just about the facts of biblical doctrine. Theology needs to be about the relationships between truths:

  • What do the doctrines mean together?
  • How do the doctrines interact with one another?
  • What do the doctrines build to?

He continues:

Scattered bricks and timbers are not a house; severed arms, legs, heads and trunks from a dissecting room are not living men; and facts alone do not constitute science. Science = facts + relations;

Have you built a library of disconnected facts about God, the Bible and salvation? Or have you built a house from the bricks and timbers of your theology? Have you seen the living, breathing truth from the arms, legs head and torso of the doctrines of Scripture?

The relationship – the house or living body in Strong’s analogy – is God’s grand design to redeem his enemies into his family so that they might glorify and enjoy him forever.

If you know a doctrine but can’t explain how it connects to the Bible’s chief message of redemption and reconciliation, you don’t know that doctrine.

Without that framework, theology is just a pile of bricks and timber.

Doctrine is not enough.

The Love of God Was NOT Magnified

The recent controversy over the PC USA voting the contemporary hymn “In Christ Alone” isn’t surprising. A quick summary from Timothy George:

The Presbyterian Committee on Congregational Song to exclude from its new hymnal the much-loved song “In Christ Alone” by Keith Getty and Stuart Townend. The Committee wanted to include this song because it is being sung in many churches, Presbyterian and otherwise, but they could not abide this line from the third stanza: “Till on that cross as Jesus died/the wrath of God was satisfied.” For this they wanted to substitute: “…as Jesus died/the love of God was magnified.” The authors of the hymn insisted on the original wording, and the Committee voted nine to six that “In Christ Alone” would not be among the eight hundred or so items in their new hymnal.

The Bottom Line: They want to change “the wrath of God was satisfied” to “the love of God was magnified” because they find the idea of God the Father pouring out wrath for sin on God the Son objectionable.

On one hand, the news that a liberal Protestant denomination continues to act in a liberal way is not at all a shock and is just as newsworthy as the headline, “Pope found to be Catholic.”

On the other hand, it is a good moment for reflection:

  1. Why did Jesus need to die?
  2. Why did Jesus need to die on the cross?

Interestingly enough, the PC USA agrees with theological conservatives on the answer to the first question. It’s the second question, however, that finds us light years apart. And more importantly, calls into question the love of God. Continue reading

The Suffering Servant and the Expansive Gospel

Suffering Servant

I’m amazed when I read narrow views of the atonement. Some people say the Father poured out his wrath on sin only. Others say the Son gave his life in an offering of love only. Still others see a good example only, or a political statement only, or something else only.

Most people hold to only one view of the atonement.

The different views of the atonement – so far as they are orthodox – are not mutually exclusive. They all have scriptural support. They all communicate to us something about God. They exist together.

How do I know this? Scripture clearly shows us. Let’s look at the “Suffering Servant” of Isaiah 53. Continue reading

The Typology of Good Friday

The cross wasn’t Plan B. It wasn’t God’s attempt to fix a plan spiraling out of control:

Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places, even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him. In love he predestined us for adoption as sons through Jesus Christ, according to the purpose of his will, to the praise of his glorious grace, with which he has blessed us in the Beloved.
Eph 1:3-6

In fact, God shouted his plan – to rescue his people at a tremendous price – from the very beginning. Let’s look to some of the major signs and symbols God gave along the way pointing to the cross of Christ: Continue reading

Even The Curse Points To The Gospel

This article, as part of my sabbatical, is a reminder of content you may have missed in 2012.

In gospel-centered circles we often say that redemption precedes command. Look at the Ten Commandments – they begin with the words, “I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.” (Ex 20:2) Everywhere we see God give us commands, it’s on the foundation of what he’s already done for us.

Redemption doesn’t just precede command. Redemption precedes even the curse.

But it doesn’t stop there. In Even The Curse Points to the Gospel I pointed out that redemption is bound up in the curse itself! I hope this makes you think about how merciful our God is.